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Lying just two hours from Munich by train, Salzburg city lies just inside the German-Austrian border. When visiting Salzburg city your first glimpse of beauty is the fortress castle of Salzburg , looming high above the city with the blue-green foothills of the Alps as a backdrop. Salzburg city is one of the gems of central Europe, offering an inspiring mix of mountain views and historic monuments.
Located between the two mountains Kapuzinerberg and Mönchsberg and the River Salzach, Salzburg city is a picturesque city with small alleys, quaint colourful town homes, rich castles and palaces, neat gardens and a high density of churches and monasteries In Salzburg city there are numerous fine Romanesque, Gothic, and baroque churches. If you only have time to visit one of Salzburg city’s many churches, make sure it’s the 9th-century St Peter’s Abbey (Peterskirche), one of Salzburg’s most impressive Rococo buildings.
Salzburg is also a city of music. It was the home and birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the memorial on the Mozart place is honouring this city’s famous son. Salzburg city is known for its annual Festival (Salzburger Festspiele), which offers a variety of operas, concerts and theatre plays, reaching from classical to contemporary styles. Salzburg city is also a very popular place to get a decent musical or theatrical education and so many students from around the world enrol to one of the different schools offered in Salzburg every year. The main feature of the old town of Salzburg is the Monchsberg, which is a big rock face that protected the city during the middle ages and Salzburg cathedral which is bordered by two squares, the Residenzplatz and the Kapitelplatz, which are a good place to see open air concerts during the summer months. The western part of the old town in Salzburg is home to the two famous festival halls, festival Festpielhauser and Pferdeschwemme.
In Salzburg the textile industries, stock rearing, dairy farming, forestry, tourism, and the manufacture of musical instruments all contribute to the local economy. The city of Salzburg is dominated by the Hohensalzburg fortress.